Manuscript Title:

MAPPING SCHOOL DROPOUT FACTORS IN TUNISIA: REGIONAL COMPARATIVE STUDY

Author:

AICHA CHERIF, ALI ELLOUMI, GILLES FERREOL

DOI Number:

DOI:10.17605/OSF.IO/S76RY

Published : 2022-08-23

About the author(s)

1. AICHA CHERIF - Laboratory LARIDIAME, University of Sfax; Tunisia.
2. ALI ELLOUMI - Laboratory LARIDIAME, University of Sfax; Tunisia / Laboratory TEC, University Paris Descartes, France.
3. GILLES FERREOL - Laboratory C3S, University Of Besançon, France.

Full Text : PDF

Abstract

As the process of urbanization progresses, school dropout goes more visible and concentrated in cities. Whether in rich cities of wealthy countries or in slums of developing countries. The article aims to provide the cartography that highlights a panorama of the situation of the phenomenon (school dropout factors) in Tunisian regions. A simple fact is at the core of the paper: the more regional disparities persist, the higher school dropouts factors are specifically rural (disadvantaged regions) there. How to explain such a phenomenon? By using data analysis techniques, based on factorial méthods and automatic classification, this work proposes a mapping of the multidimensional hierarchies of Tunisian regions according to geographical space. We identified significant differences in the factors of dropouts across regions. These differences are explained by regional disparities, exclusion and social inequality.


Keywords

School dropout, dropout factors, régional disparities, mapping, Tunisia.