1. AICHA CHERIF - Laboratory LARIDIAME, University of Sfax; Tunisia.
2. ALI ELLOUMI - Laboratory LARIDIAME, University of Sfax; Tunisia / Laboratory TEC, University Paris Descartes, France.
3. GILLES FERREOL - Laboratory C3S, University Of Besançon, France.
As the process of urbanization progresses, school dropout goes more visible and concentrated in cities. Whether in rich cities of wealthy countries or in slums of developing countries. The article aims to provide the cartography that highlights a panorama of the situation of the phenomenon (school dropout factors) in Tunisian regions. A simple fact is at the core of the paper: the more regional disparities persist, the higher school dropouts factors are specifically rural (disadvantaged regions) there. How to explain such a phenomenon? By using data analysis techniques, based on factorial méthods and automatic classification, this work proposes a mapping of the multidimensional hierarchies of Tunisian regions according to geographical space. We identified significant differences in the factors of dropouts across regions. These differences are explained by regional disparities, exclusion and social inequality.
School dropout, dropout factors, régional disparities, mapping, Tunisia.