1. MUNEER ABBAS OBAID - General Directorate of Education, Babil.
2. KHALID SARHAN MUTAR - General Directorate of Education, Babil.
3. HAYDER SAADI MOHAMMED - General Directorate of Education, Najaf.
The present study is concerned with the phenomenon of river islands in the course of the Euphrates River, which runs within the northern part of Babylonprovince within Al-Musayyab district. The length of the river within the study area is 50.6 km in order to identify the factors affecting natural and human formation, development, locations, and seasons of appearance of the islands. In the morphometric analysis, the NDWI indicator was used in ArcGIS 10.8.1 using Sentinel-2 satellite visuals (band 3, band 8) and aerial photographs were taken using Ultimate Maps Downloader v3.0.1. It was found that there are 37 islands that differed in type, area, length, width, and shape. In terms of type, there are 6 permanent islands, 5 seasonal islands, and 26 fused islands. As for shapes, there are 15 strip islands, 14 longitudinal islands, 2 arc islands, 4 irregular islands, 1 round island, and 1 semiorganized island.
River islands, Euphrates River, morphometric analysis, remote sensing, sedimentation, NDWI index.